THE ROLE OF LAPAROSCOPY IN GYNECOLOGIC EMERGENCIES
We performed an analytical, cohort, retrospective study, starting from our own experience, to explore the role of laparoscopy in acute gynecological abdominal emergencies. The present work was obtained at the “Prof. Dr. Agrippa Ionescu” Hospital, Bucharest and includes a consecutive series of 37 patients, admitted in emergency settings, during the past 5 years. In order to complete the diagnosis, all of the patients included in the study were investigated using an abdominal ultrasound. The following aspects were investigated: the correlation between the preoperative diagnosis and the lesions identified by laparoscopy, the rate of postoperative complications, reintervention rate, length of hospital stay, conversion rate. Our results show that the laparoscopic approach has a decreased length of hospital stay, and can offer both a diagnosis opportunity and a therapeutic opportunity with results comparable with that of an open approach. Also, laparoscopy allows simultaneous treatment of other abdominal pathologies using the same access path. Our experience shows that the need for a correct and rapid diagnosis when an acute surgical abdomen is suspected is of paramount importance and laparoscopy can offer this opportunity.
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